I am helping clean out my friend Sandy’s apartment after her suicide when I open an envelope addressed to me. There are five poems inside. Here is the first:

Last Writes

Swallow bleach — too painful,
go up in flames — lifelong fear.
Ah, a gun with a two-hour safety lesson
(I must get it right this time).
I’m pro-gun for euthanasia.
This really isn’t meant to be morbid.
When discussing poems, films, and books,
I’ve always told people I don’t care how dark
the subject as long as it’s well-written.
I’ve not chosen a day or time yet, so this may be my last poem.
I’m giving it a shot (unintended pun).
I’m aiming (shit!) for truth, yes,
but, more importantly, it’s a poem, for God’s sake, so
veracity to poetic elements is most important.
So far, strong opening with a good hook, an unexpected turn.
Puns ease tension if used sparingly.
Revision essential to get it right.
Tense — present, of course.
Pacing — that of a waterfall bound to its given course.
Stanza breaks — none. One life, all connected, eternal.
Music — well, it’s life, silly — imperfect, can’t have everything.
Unfathomable, unpredictable, impermanent life.
Is that how God wrote it, and, Lord knows,
I’ve always been quite the perfectionist.
Why not loosen up, break some rules, have a little fun?
Sing off-key, but sing.

My friend wrote this poem and four others the week before she killed herself. A year earlier she had tried — with what she’d hoped would be a lethal cocktail of drugs — to end the agony she had suffered for decades. She had chronic pain that nothing seemed to relieve: no drugs, no diets, no physical therapy, no holistic doctors, no spiritual practice, no counseling. Most days it hurt her to move; some days it also hurt her not to move, her skin sensitive even to the softest fabrics.

Fortunately — or so we, her friends, thought — Sandy survived her first attempt to free herself from her tormented and tormenting body. Found on her apartment floor in time, she was left with nerve damage that made her condition even more challenging. Like so many who have attempted suicide, she was released into a public-health system of inadequate physical therapy and overworked psychologists unprepared to help an impoverished poet wracked by physical pain and mental anguish.

We all tried to help. We suggested doctors, drove her to appointments, brought her foods she could endure eating and clothes she could bear wearing. We offered words of encouragement and arguments against hopelessness. We rejoiced that, having survived her suicide attempt, she could hold in her hand her new book, fortuitously titled What Now, What Next: Other Ways to Pray. We begged Sandy to get back to the poetry that had been such a large part of her life. Some of us actually believed poetry could save her.


I must get it right this time, she wrote.

Sandy went to great lengths to make her death easier for us. She made sure to find a quiet place in her favorite park, not far from her beloved herons, and she went there at dusk, when no one would be nearby. As “Last Writes” makes clear, she had already taken a two-hour gun-safety lesson. In her home of two rooms, everything had been neatly organized in preparation: books ready to be disseminated, vinyl records sorted, farewell letters stamped and addressed to each member of our poetry community, a portfolio of recent work to be dispersed, and that envelope just for me, the one with the five poems inside.

Grist For The Mill

It’s cold and snowing.
Just four days until my outdoor suicide
it’s snowing outside and coming down hard.
I think of suede boots, feet sinking into sodden earth
as I plod to my selected plot of ground.
Damn it all — it’s snowing.

These, my self-proclaimed days of acceptance,
the curved and flexible heart, expendable conduit,
its ever-renewing pulse.
I will, I do embrace the snow
as a white blanket,
cushion for my spent body,
blank canvas.
White, the color of beginnings.
Blinding-light white.

I often served as a reader for Sandy’s work, and, as I typed “Grist for the Mill” to include it here, I found myself tempted to make small revisions: outdoor and outside seemed needlessly repetitious, and blanket maybe a tad familiar for a poem dealing with a subject this potent. Here I was grieving my friend’s distressing resolve and the chilling way she speaks of it — as if it were an outing in suede boots on sodden earth — and I couldn’t help critiquing. It’s a reflex I suspect Sandy would appreciate; she was such an expert editor, with a sharp eye for false moves, lazy language, wrong turns. Even with her own books she believed it was never too late to revise.


As the one to whom Sandy bequeathed her “last writes,” I was left with the question of what to do with them. Given the obvious commitment to craft, I refused to see these final poems merely as suicide notes. Should I share them with anyone? Wouldn’t that exacerbate the grief of those who had loved her? I certainly didn’t want anyone suffering from depression to read about Sandy’s act and be inspired to do something similar. Ultimately I came to believe that those who loved Sandy had a right to read her last words. I owed the poems this much: to make sure that they had a chance to be heard.

Last Gift

We have mice,
my upstairs neighbor says
after I respond to the knock on my door
and he hands me a mousetrap loaded
with peanut butter designed for lure and slow strangle.

On this, my last day on earth,
without a second thought, I throw the trap away.
I save a life today.

Poetry did not keep Sandy from that last, fatal act, as her friends had hoped, but it did allow her, at what she knew to be the end of her life, to honor acts of compassion, no matter how small, and to affirm that courageously human ability to recognize irony, even at the cusp of death, even in the hardest tests of will.

I suspect that if she were still with us, Sandy would be ruthlessly cutting that final line about saving a life, so that the penultimate one gets our full attention: without a second thought, I throw the trap away. That second thought applied both to the sparing of the mouse and to her imminent suicide. My friend possessed the inclination and the ability to turn her experience of the world into a language that insisted on delighting in itself.


Sandy’s suicide also made me mad. I was angry with Sandy, who had written poetry instead of calling me or one of her other friends. Had she read the poems to us over the phone, maybe we could’ve talked her out of it.

Preparing To Die

Preparing for my last split second,
last breath said to be the most important
after the bullet has done its duty
and my body, pray God, has given up its ghost

Because I do not want to be stuck in any bardo, who does?
I have been taking a crash course
in recognizing each instant my mind lusts for person, place, or thing,
any rich chocolate, which is always in full supply, just out of reach

I allow only dashes, semicolons, ellipses —
no periods!
in full knowledge that consciousness is an ongoing stream,
I won’t be fooled again
I sidestep hellish Anxiety Highway,
skip over Fear Freeway,
don’t go down Dread’s Dead End, Worry’s Way, or Pining’s Parkway,
I wish to undermine the self’s dogged devotion to itself
as a solid entity in time and space in spite of all evidence to the contrary,
I’m as ready as I’ll ever be.

“Preparing to Die” does not seem a call for help, but rather a commitment to a course of action. Is that why Sandy wrote it: to stay faithful to her determination to undermine the self’s dogged devotion to itself? Of all the five poems, this is the one that frightens me the most. Though I resist what Sandy is arguing for, I must acknowledge both the right and duty of her poem’s words to disturb my equilibrium. I would do the same for Milton’s words, or Yeats’s, or Adrienne Rich’s.

Much has been written about poetry and its superstars but little about the role poetry plays in the lives of so many who couldn’t imagine living without it: the ones who pull their cars over to the side of the road and work on a villanelle in a failing light; the ones who come home at day’s end and go up to their attics to talk in different language than they use at work; the ones who escape their kids or their aging parents to sit at a corner table at a coffee shop and let a sestina invite them to let go sorrow’s ghost.

Either Way

I too want
           to defy gravity

launch myself
           against the current

throw caution to the wind
           fulfill my purposes

but unhappy with everything
           my body

insists I join
           its minions:

What do we want?

When do we want it?

It’s a bear
            that’ll catch

me in its claw.
           Either way, I die.

Having lost her father when she was five, and later having cared for a mentally ill mother, Sandy scraped together a living as a medical transcriptionist and then as an aide for the mentally challenged. Discovering poetry in midlife, she found a passion to which to devote herself and a community that supported her in that passion. By her late sixties she had published four full-length books with one of those small, independent publishers that insist poetry is important to people’s lives — and not just the poetry of those heralded at writers’ conferences, but the work of the unheralded, too, who compose their latest sonnet after coming home from the machine shop or the children’s ward or the supermarket.

W.H. Auden’s famous line “Poetry makes nothing happen” is simply not true. Poetry may not be able to depose a corrupt president or clean our contaminated waters or bring peace to troubled lands — though it has tried! — but, having worked for five decades with poets in prisons, nursing homes, and homeless shelters and at the community college where I teach, I can attest that poetry has brought change for many. It gave a medical transcriber who was barely scraping by a new way of seeing and, with that, a purpose: to bring to everything she witnessed both a sense of wonder and a relentless honesty.

Sandra Becker wasn’t trying to save herself with poetry; she wanted to work with what was at hand, and she did just that, until her dying breath.